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Gymnasium English for Science and Technology
HHX Structural Grammar
Elementær Sætningsanalyse Handels- og Ingeniørhøjskolen
English Sentence Analysis Old Exam Papers
English Sentence Analysis Far from the Madding Crowd
Søren Rasmus Ravn Andersen Call of the Wild
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Elementær Sætningsanalyse

The following sentences are from Elementær Sætningsanalyse

by Hanne Bache, Jette Barsøe and Susanne Hansen

 (© Copyright 1999 Forlaget Sprogbøger)



Table of

Contents

2 Sentence Functions

3 Forms

 

4 Discontinuous Constituents

5 Additional Exercises

 

 

2 SENTENCE FUNCTIONS

2.1 SUBJECT AND PREDICATOR

NF1) James sang. (2.1a)

NF2) He refused. (2.1b)

NF3) The children left. (2.1c)

NF4) He smokes. (2.1d)

NF5) The sun rose. (2.1e)

NF6) Mary slept. (2.1f)

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2.2 OBJECTS

2.2.1 DIRECT OBJECT

NF7) James ate chocolate. (2.2.1a)

NF8) He loves her. (2.2.1b)

NF9) He saw Richard. (2.2.1c)

NF10) John makes skateboards. (2.2.1d)

NF11) The police stopped them. (2.2.1e)

NF12) Peter found water. (2.2.1f)

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2.2.2 INDIRECT OBJECT

NF13) I asked John a question. (2.2.2a)

NF14) She teaches us English. (2.2.2b)

NF15) She told me her name. (2.2.2c)

NF16) They owe me the money. (2.2.2d)

NF17) I paid the kidnappers a ransom. (2.2.2e)

NF18) They showed me the car. (2.2.2f)

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2.3 COMPLEMENTS

2.3.1 SUBJECT COMPLEMENT

NF19) Mary is beautiful. (2.3.1a)

NF20) They seemed sad. (2.3.1b)

NF21) They looked disappointed. (2.3.1c)

NF22) Is he impatient? (2.3.1d)

NF23) He is rich. (2.3.1e)

NF24) Kate became famous. (2.3.1f)

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2.3.2 OBJECT COMPLEMENT

NF25) They made him king. (2.3.2a)

NF26) They considered it expensive. (2.3.2b)

NF27) They named him John. (2.3.2c)

NF28) I painted it red. (2.3.2d)

NF29) The jokes made us angry. (2.3.2e)

NF30) We call him Dick. (2.3.2f)

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2.4 ADVERBIAL

NF31) Fortunately they were polite. (2.4a)

NF32) We usually camp there. (2.4b)

NF33) I really enjoyed myself. (2.4c)

NF34) Birds sing beautifully. (2.4d)

NF35) Surprisingly evenings were warm. (2.4e)

NF36) The house is not big. (2.4f)

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3 FORMS

3.1 WORD CLASSES

NF37) Dogs are always hungry. (3.1a)

NF38) He never smiles. (3.1b)

NF39) I bought him a cake. (3.1c)

NF40) Clara collects stamps. (3.1d)

NF41) He seems tired. (3.1e)

NF42) The dress is beautiful. (3.1f)

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3.2 GROUPS

NF43) The old lady loved her cats. (3.2a)

NF44) Yesterday I bought a new dress. (3.2b)

NF45) His latest film has been a great success. (3.2c)

NF46) Madonna lives in the United States. (3.2d)

NF47) We went to a party last Saturday. (3.2e)

NF48) Her sister is happily married. (3.2f)

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3.3 COMPOUND UNITS

NF49) Simon is tired and unhappy. (3.3a)

NF50) You live and learn. (3.3b)

NF51) Rudi and John work here. (3.3c)

NF52) He walks slowly but surely. (3.3d)

NF53) He usually eats fish and chips for lunch. (3.3e)

NF54) I gave mum and dad a terribly expensive painting. (3.3f)

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3.4 SUBORDINATE CLAUSES

NF55) While studying in London, he met many well-known people. (3.4a)

NF56) Chasing girls is his favourite pastime. (3.4b)

NF57) If you ate less, you would not have problems with your weight. (3.4c)

NF58) That he has committed the crime is obvious. (3.4d)

NF59) I hope that he survives the accident. (3.4e)

NF60) When he returned to his desk, somebody had removed his books. (3.4f)

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4 DISCONTINUOUS CONSTITUENTS

NF61) Has Anna tasted the cake? (4a)

NF62) I do not like cheese. (4b)

NF63) What are you doing? (4c)

NF64) The wallet was never found. (4d)

NF65) Did you mention it again? (4e)

NF66) What are you talking about? (4f)

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5 ADDITIONAL EXERCISES

5.2.1 SUBJECT AND PREDICATOR

NF67) I apologized. (5.2.1a)

NF68) Samuel died. (5.2.1b)

NF69) They moved. (5.2.1c)

NF70) Julia left. (5.2.1d)

NF71) He surrendered. (5.2.1e)

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5.2.2 OBJECTS

5.2.2.1 DIRECT OBJECT

NF72) I like strawberries. (5.2.2.1a)

NF73) We had dinner. (5.2.2.1b)

NF74) Patrick writes poems. (5.2.2.1c)

NF75) We heard the noise. (5.2.2.1d)

NF76) He makes mistakes. (5.2.2.1e)

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5.2.2.2 INDIRECT OBJECT

NF77) I gave him flowers. (5.2.2.2a)

NF78) Maggie wrote him a letter. (5.2.2.2b)

NF79) I bought myself a shirt. (5.2.2.2c)

NF80) You sent me the bill. (5.2.2.2d)

NF81) Someone left you a note. (5.2.2.2e)

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5.2.3 COMPLEMENTS

5.2.3.1 SUBJECT COMPLEMENT

NF82) The cupboard is old. (5.2.3.1a)

NF83 The cars are alike. (5.2.3.1b)

NF84) His behaviour seems stupid. (5.2.3.1c)

NF85) Is Robert sick? (5.2.3.1d)

NF86) It proved impossible. (5.2.3.1e)

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5.2.3.2 OBJECT COMPLEMENT

NF87) He made me happy. (5.2.3.2a)

NF88) He called me a fool. (5.2.3.2b)

NF89) Bill named the cat Oliver. (5.2.3.2c)

NF90) She knocked the man unconscious. (5.2.3.2d)

NF91) They considered Johnson loyal. (5.2.3.2e)

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5.2.4 ADVERBIAL

NF92) She always forgets her keys. (5.2.4a)

NF93) Are they outside? (5.2.4b)

NF94) I visited her yesterday. (5.2.4c)

NF95) Here comes Henry. (5.2.4d)

NF96) Perhaps she knows everybody. (5.2.4e)

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5.3.1 WORD CLASSES

NF97) He is a Dane. (5.3.1a)

NF98) They accepted the invitation. (5.3.1b)

NF99) She works hard. (5.3.1c)

NF100) You never know. (5.3.1d)

NF101) He left the country. (5.3.1e)

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5.3.2 GROUPS

NF102) The police caught the dangerous young man. (5.3.2a)

NF103) My younger sister married a doctor. (5.3.2b)

NF104) Joan has blue eyes. (5.3.2c)

NF105) No news is good news. (5.3.2d)

NF106) Old Mrs Wharton bought funny things at the market. (5.3.2e)

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5.3.3 COMPOUND UNITS

NF107) I read newspapers and magazines all morning. (5.3.3a)

NF108) Were the soldiers alive or dead? (5.3.3b)

NF109) They painted the house red and white. (5.3.3c)

NF110) I owe Jill and George some money. (5.3.3d)

NF111) Back and forth they walked. (5.3.3e)

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5.3.4 SUBORDINATE CLAUSES

NF112) When we arrived last night, it started raining. (5.3.4a)

NF113) I know where she lives. (5.3.4b)

NF114) I told him that I had the old book. (5.3.4c)

NF115) If she asks me, I will tell her the truth. (5.3.4d)

NF116) That he is a famous writer surprises me. (5.3.4e)

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5.4 DISCONTINUOUS CONSTITUENTS

NF117) What are you looking for? (5.4a)

NF118) He did not answer the question. (5.4b)

NF119) You are not growing old. (5.4c)

NF120) Do they live in New York? (5.4d)

NF121) This incident he would never refer to again. (5.4e)

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